Spot and Treat Abdominal Pain or Stomach Pain Effectively

At one point in life we all have experienced abdominal pain/stomach pain and this is due to different reasons, some of it being very serious that you will have to see a doctor right away and some just mild that you can treat them at home by yourself. You must always be cautious about the different symptoms that come with abdominal or stomach pain and how severe the pain because ignoring these small details about the pain may cause much more complicated problems.

Therefore you must visit the doctor immediately, especially if the pain is too much. In some instances, this pain could be showing that there is a more serious illness to look out for such as possible signs of heart disease or cancer in the abdominal area and this where this post becomes very relevant. It entails details and facts that you did not know about stomach pain together with what may be necessary to spot and treat abdominal pain or stomach pain.

Definition of Abdominal/Stomach Pain;

Different people define stomach pain or abdominal pain in many different ways but here in this post, we shall simply define it as a sudden cramp or ache in the tummy caused by simple and temporary disorders that may not call for alarm or very serious conditions that may call for immediate attention from a Doctor. The pain may be felt in just one particular location in the abdomen or may be general causing the entire abdomen to pain all depending on what may actually be causing the pain.

Pain Facts About Abdominal/Stomach Pain

They are very many facts about this kind of pain and the main one being that it can be triggered by many different factors as we shall go ahead to see in the post. Abdominal pain/ stomach pain is something that you cannot avoid as it both children and adults can face the problem and if not given attention really fast; it may result into more serious complications. Depending on what may have caused the pain there are many different treatments available to calm the pain or take it away completely so you do not have to worry yourself too much if you get the pain.




 Categories of Abdominal/Stomach Pain

They are basically three categories of abdominal/stomach pain and these are differentiated by their location in the abdomen which may help to notice or find out what the actual cause of the pain might be. Because finding out the real cause of abdominal pain is usually difficult; symptoms in terms of location can eventually help to pinpoint what causes the pain. That is why the categories below will be greatly helpful;

  • Localized pain; here the pain is usually concentrated in only one area, comes suddenly and stays for longer hours. It is usually a sign of inflammation of a certain organ in the abdomen and is a sign to show that the cause of the abdominal pain is serious. Localized pain is in most cases a sign of appendicitis or peptic ulcers that cause pain in only one area of the abdomen and stays in that same area for a long period of time.
  • Generalized pain; in most cases generalized abdominal pain does not call for any alarm and can be treated with simple home remedies. It is a sign of intestines being blocked, indigestion or just a stomach upset. The pain is usually felt in the entire abdomen or half way the abdomen but it does not remain in just one part of the abdomen like localized pain does and it can be a sign of very many different illnesses.
  • Cramping; this type of abdominal pain in most cases does not call for any serious treatment or going to a doctor because it is not serious and go away on its own. It’s that kind of pain that is on and off, it is more common to women because they usually experience the pain during their menstruation periods. However, if the cramping refuses to go away after several hours or becomes severe over time then you might have to go and see a doctor to find out what exactly the main cause of the pain could be.


Types of Abdominal/Stomach Pain

The types of abdominal or stomach pain are categorized depending on the what causes the pain, how severe it is and the structure of the pain so below we can check out some of the types of abdominal/stomach pain.

  • Acute abdominal pain; this is extreme and continuous pain in the abdomen that is persistent and comes suddenly. This kind of pain may call for immediate surgery to treat whatever may be causing it. One of the most common causes of acute abdominal pain may be appendicitis and cancer and also comes with symptoms such as fever, vomiting, and some signs of shock like too much sweating and even nausea.
  • Peritonitis; this can be defined as swelling in the peritoneal cavity. It is a sign to show that there might be a life threatening disorder in the tummy that calls for immediate treatment. It is usually very painful and is caused by infections or inflammation of organs in the stomach or leaking of urine and blood into the peritoneal cavity. Some of the examples of this type of abdominal or stomach pain include appendicitis, diverticulitis among others. The moment this type of abdominal pain is present in your abdomen, just a few hours are enough for it to start causing leakage of fluid into the abdomen cavity.
  • Somatic pain; this type of abdominal or stomach pain is usually sharp and not so hard to notice; it results from the walls around the abdomen cavity (peritoneum). The nerves around the walls will quickly react to any foreign chemicals, cutting, swelling or irritation from any other fluids such as urine.
  • Visceral pain; this pain comes as a result of stretching inside organs in the abdomen; this pain usually comes with nausea and a dull pain. This kind of abdominal or stomach pain is not that easy to find because it may also be caused by irritation in the upper abdomen organs like the liver or pancreas.
  • Referred pain; just like its name this pain usually comes from another source, the cause is not necessarily in the abdomen but may be coming from other areas. Take for example, stones in the kidney or infection in the diaphragm


 Symptoms that may come along with Abdominal/Stomach Pain

There are very many different signs and symptoms that may come along with stomach or abdominal pain and these symptoms are what most doctors will depend on to determine the cause of the pain and what treatment you will need to help relieve the pain. The severity of these symptoms will also help you to determine whether you can treat the pain on your own or you need to consult a more specialized and well trained person for better treatment.

  • Bloody stool and diarrhea; Diarrhea may signal that your tummy may have been infected by a certain bacteria either from eating contaminated food or close contact with someone who is infected by the bacteria. Bloody stool on the other hand may be a sign of bleeding with in the abdomen or the rectum. Such indicators will call for immediate medical attention.
  • Bloating; this signs shows that your stomach or abdominal pain is easy to treat and usually doctors will just prescribe a drug that will help to you to heal. Abdominal pain or stomach pain that comes with bloating may be caused by trapped gas with in the stomach.
  • Swelling outside the abdomen; this may be a sign to show that there is some kind of injury in the tummy area.
  • Too much pain in Women; During pregnancy may call for immediate attention from your doctor because it may be a sign that your unborn child has some problem. Alternatively, it might just be pain arising from menstrual cramps.
  • Constant urination that is painful; this may be a symptom to show a certain infection in the organs close to the abdomen that could be sexually transmitted or not.


Common Causes of Abdominal/Stomach Pain

There are many different causes of abdominal/stomach pain because there are also very many different types of abdominal pain. How severe the pain is and where it is located will help you tell what the true cause of the pain might be, any way let us now take a look at some of the causes of stomach or abdominal pain;

  • Perforated or bleeding stomach ulcer; when there is bleeding or an open swelling on the lines of your stomach or the first part of the small intestine you may end up suffering from stomach or abdominal pain.


  • Kidney stones; stones of different sizes are passed out from your body through the kidney, the smaller stones are simply and easily removed from your body through urine. However, the larger stones that cannot be passed out, block the tubes of the kidneys which results into pain in the stomach or abdomen. You may have to go through operation o have the stones removed.


  • Appendicitis; this is usually defined as soaring of the appendix; the appendix is attached to you large intestines which explains why swelling of the appendix causes pain in the stomach or abdomen. The moment your appendix is infected it will have to be removed because it will not be functioning yet it will cause a lot of pain to the patient. The pain is usually concentrated in only one part of the abdomen.


  • Inflammation of the gall bladder; this is also referred to as acute cholecystitis and it is usually caused by stones in the gall bladder. Gallstones call for removal of the gall bladder.


  • Diverticulitis; irritation and swelling of small pouches within the bowel; these small pouches are the ones that start to cause pain in the stomach or abdomen.


  • Food poisoning; this is got from eating uncovered food, cold foods, or eating food contaminated by toxins,  bacteria and viruses. Food poisoning also comes with symptoms such as fever which means that it calls for serious medical attention and treatment.


  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); this is a prolonged state that attacks the large intestines that comes with a series of signs like swelling, diarrhea, constipation, gas in the stomach and hence brings about pain in the stomach. Going to the toilet will help to calm the pain down.


  • Food allergies; this is a really bad reaction from the immune system to certain foods. If you eat some foods that are not so friendly with your system, they end up upsetting your stomach and bring about pain in the stomach or abdomen. Some of the common foods that people are allergic to are peanuts and eggs among very many others. Therefore, if you know you are allergic to certain foods then you should always stay away from them.


  • Viral gastroenteritis; this is also known as flu that affects the stomach and is brought about by very many different viruses. This stomach infection is what causes the abdomen to hurt or pain and in most cases it lasts for a period of two to three days.


  • Menstrual periods; this is a period that every normal woman goes through at some point in the month. In this period a female’s body sheds down the uterine walls in form of blood. This kind of bleeding is normal and it comes with constant cramping in the abdomen. The pain differs some women experience a lot of pain in this period as others experience just mild pain. However, if the pain is extreme you may have to seek medical treatment for checkup.


  • Acid reflux; these are symptoms that come about a result of juices and acids in the stomach start flowing away from the stomach backwards into the esophagus. This kind of pain usually comes along with signs like heart burn, belching and also causes pain in the stomach or abdomen.


  • Urinary tract infections; these are infections to any part of the urinary tract and are usually caused by a certain bacteria. This infection is always on and off making it hard to realize that you might actually have caught the infection. It makes urinating difficult as it brings a sharp pain that is burning whenever you try to urinate. It brings about pain in the back, may bring fever and also cause a lot of pain in the abdomen and stomach.


  • Indigestion; whenever you take in food and it is not broken down, the food always remains in one part of the stomach. This is caused by eating too many oily and fatty foods that cannot be broken down by acids in the stomach. It makes you feel very satisfied and brings about nausea and heart burn.


  • Gall stones; these are very solid and tough deposits into the gall bladder that later block the production of bile juice by the bile ducts. These stones bring about severe abdominal or stomach pain, itching of the skin and fever.


  • Fibroids; these are abnormal swellings in the uterus which explains why it usually affects women. Fibroids cause too much pain in the abdomen, bleeding and cramping in the lower back. These are usually cured by surgery so as to cure them completely.


  • Miscarriage; this is more like unwanted abortion; it occurs when a woman loses the fetus at an early stage before the fetus is actually ready to be brought out. Miscarriage causes pain in the entire abdomen and also comes with a lot of bleeding from the private parts.


  • Peptic ulcers; these are sores and wounds that develop on the lines of the stomach, esophagus and sometimes on the small intestines. These sores are triggered by smoking, excessive intake of alcohol. They are sometimes symptoms of stomach cancer and bring out about serious cramping.


  • Colic; this is experienced by new born babies and babies between 1 month and 3 months old, it is an irritating and disturbing pain that babies go through. During this stage babies tend to cry a lot and more often due to the discomfort and pain they feel in the stomach as caused by colic. This is however not something to worry about as it eventually goes away and with just simple home remedies the baby will surely be fine.


  • Lactose intolerance; this happens when an enzyme in dairy foods such as milk, meat cannot be broken down by the small intestines. When a person cannot break down these foods it brings about constipation and pain in the stomach or abdomen.


  • Hepatitis; this is brought about by a viral infection in the liver; it causes swelling and inflammation of the liver. This is a very serious case to look out for because it may not be that easy to notice and may not bring any signs until there is serious damage done to the liver which in the end brings about the pain in the abdomen or stomach.


How to Tell the Cause of the Pain According To Location

Whenever you go to the doctor, the first thing they always ask where exactly you are feeling the pain and then they can be able to tell what the cause of the pain is.

  • Pain in the upper middle abdomen; this pain is most likely to be caused by ulcers in the duodenum, too much gas in the stomach, ulcers or cancer of the stomach. If the pain moves from the upper middle abdomen towards the left side of your waist or back then it could be caused by cancer of the pancreas.


  •  Pain in the upper left abdomen; pain in this area could be brought about by bowel obstruction, inflammation in the colon, cancer of the colon, sleeping in a bad posture or some other problem arising from the pancreas.


  •  Pain in the middle abdomen; pain in this area is usually caused by swelling in the small intestines, functional disorders in the small intestines and sometimes appendicitis may begin in this area and later move to another location.


  •  Pain in the lower right abdomen; in many instances appendicitis will manifest in this area and in a few cases it may be caused by bowel obstruction.


  •  Pain in the upper right abdomen; this pain usually arises from problems attached to the liver take for example hepatitis or liver cancer, in other instances it may be brought about by gallstones and inflammation of the gall bladder. Another cause of pain being concentrated in the upper right abdomen could be gas accumulating in the colon, inflammation and functional disorders in the colon.


Tests To Diagnose Abdominal/Stomach Pain:

Sometimes finding out what is really bringing you abdominal or stomach pain can becomes very problematic though with great reference to the signs and symptoms that stomach or abdominal pain comes with. Doctors are able to look through them and take more serious tests and physical examinations to find out what the real cause of your pain is. On that note, we shall look at some of test that doctors can use to diagnose and determine what may be causing you pain, these include;

  • Laboratory tests (blood and urinary tests); there is absolutely no doubt about the fact that these laboratory tests are the most important in diagnosing stomach or abdominal pain. The examination of urine helps to find any cases of kidney infections, infections in the urinary tract, stones in the kidney as well as diabetes.

The blood test on the other hand helps to detect any infections in organs in the abdomen.  This blood test will also help to show the doctor if there is a problem with your liver, pancreas or gall bladder as a result of a huge amount of liver enzymes in the blood. The blood test is one of the most helpful diagnostic tests when it comes to revealing what could be causing the stomach or abdominal pain.


  • Enteroscopy; there are different ways in which this test can be done, all of which are effective in helping to identify the cause of stomach or abdominal pain especially digestive disorders. One of the tests where the patient swallows a pill with a camera attached and views whatever problem is in your stomach and transmits the image on to your doctor’s computer. This test is usually very helpful in showing tiny tumors, internal bleeding or any other problems that scans may not to reveal.

Another type Enteroscopy is where a small flexible tube that has a camera is dispensed into your mouth, down the throat and into the stomach to view what is inside your stomach. With this procedure there is no way the doctor will fail to diagnose what could actually be causing you pain in the stomach or abdomen.


  • Medical imaging; this test just like the previous one also has very many types that can help to show what is actually causing stomach/abdominal pain. These include X-rays, CT scans, ultra sound scan and  MRI scans. For some problems with organs in the abdomen such as the kidney and gall bladder, a regular X- ray will help to show what the problem is. With problems concerning the ovaries appendicitis or other small stones in any organs of the abdomen, a simple ultra sound scan will definitely be helpful. Other issues of concern such as diverticulitis, intestine blockages and ulcers can be diagnosed with CT scans and MRI scans.


  • Exploratory abdominal surgery;this is not so common and only rarely done most especially if the case becomes too severe making it necessary to perform the surgery in order to find out what exactly could be bringing you that irritating pain in the stomach or abdomen.


  • Electrocardiograph; this usually is used in cases of referral pain where by another disease presents itself in form of abdominal or stomach pain, the most common disease diagnosed by this test is heart attack.




Home Remedies for Abdominal/Stomach Pain

Due to the almost endless list of what may be causing you stomach pain or abdominal pain, finding a really working remedy may not that simple. Since some cases are not that serious, having an idea about these home remedies will surely help you get rid of that irritating abdominal pain on your own and spend less on hospital bills. Therefore, if your abdominal or stomach pain is not too severe, below are some really interesting tips that will help you out.

Use a bottle of hot water or pack; you first of have to sit in a really comfortable position or lie down and slowly pat your abdomen with the warm water bottle. The heat helps to improve the flow of blood in the stomach and consequently helps to relieve the pain.

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Yoghurt may help; not many of you may be familiar with this remedy but researchers have actually found it to be very effective as it helps to revive digestion back to normal. If you are cramping and your stomach also comes with diarrhea then there is a possibility that the bacteria that lives in the intestines and helps with digestion is being pushed out. Therefore, whenever you are going to the toilet much more often than you usually do, taking yogurt will help to bring digestion back to normal and also stop the cramping.

Take part in simple exercises such as walking; if you do not have enough strength to work out on a treadmill or an elliptical trainer then opt for the simpler exercises such as walking and jogging. It helps to improve blood flow in the intestines and makes digestion much faster hence reducing cases such as constipation that bring about stomach pain or abdominal pain. Sitting down or lying down in bed only worsens the condition of your pain. This may actually sound like it does not work but it actually does work.

Take a cup of chamomile tea; this helps to relax the muscles of the abdomen and at the same time acts as an anti-inflammatory agent. This way the contractions or cramps that have been painful will start to reduce, just mix the tea in a cup of hot water and drink slowly by slowly.

Fresh pepper mint is much advised; you can either chew some mint or mix fresh pepper mint leaves in water and drink the solution. This is very helpful in cases of abdominal pain or stomach pain caused by indigestion or bloating as it improves the flow of bile which makes digestion much faster and relaxes stomach muscles.

Take a glass of warm lemon water; lemon is well known for healing different ailments and when it comes to abdominal or stomach pain especially if it is caused by indigestion. It will surely help to relieve the pain within a few minutes. The lemon water contains high amount of acid which also increases the production of hydrochloric acid in the intestines that breaks down food and prevents blockage of the intestines.

Mix fresh lime juice with cool club soda; stir these two together and slowly drink the mixture it will help and will eventually calm the pain down. Club soda causes you to belch so that you can take out all the gas in your stomach and cut down on gas in your stomach. This works perfectly for both children and adults.

Add ginger to your tea; some people add ginger to their tea just to make it taste better but what they actually do not know is that ginger is very helpful in calming down stomach /abdominal pain. Ginger contains chemicals that help to soothe the walls of the stomach and if your pain also comes along with nausea you can be rest assured to shoot two birds with one stone.

Eat dry snacks and fruits; in cases where your stomach or abdominal pain is caused by constipation but you still feel hungry then you should eat more of dry snacks that do not contain oil and eat fruits  as they will help to break down food and speed up digestion hence reducing on the stomach or abdominal pain.

Chewing fennel seeds; since most the abdominal or stomach pain cases come about as a result of digestion difficulty in the stomach these seeds become very helpful. They contain a certain kind of oil that increases the production of digestive juices and helps to reduces on cases of inflammation. These will help to relieve the pain in such a short while. However, pregnant women are advised to stay away from these seeds.


Some medication to Treat Different Forms of Abdominal/Stomach Pain

There is a whole lot of medication that can help you treat abdominal pain however it all depends on what has been diagnosed to be the cause of the pain. For some people drugs are enough to take the pain away, for others staying away from certain foods will help and for more serious cases such as hernia and appendicitis you may have to undergo surgery. Well with that in mind, we can now take a look at the medication that will help you to treat different forms of abdominal or stomach pain.

Take a light laxative; in cases where stomach or abdominal pain is caused by constipation this will help to stop the pain reason being the laxative encourages movement in the bowel.


Pepto-Bismol; If the cause of your stomach or abdominal pain is simply diarrhea; many doctors have recommended this pink liquid as medication to take away the pain. Of course in many cases of diarrhea or food poisoning, the first remedy is to let your body flush it out.  However. if this does not work Pepto-Bismol is a liquid that fights the bacteria causing diarrhea with in your digestive system and helps to take away the pain.

Anti acids do help with abdominal pain resulting from excess acid in the stomach or gut.

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Make use of anti-gas drugs; when the cause of your stomach pain or abdominal pain is gas some of the most commonly used anti gas drugs Mylanta gas and Beano. These drugs help to break down some foods in the body that seem very hard to break down by the body helping you to get rid of that gas and hence stopping the pain.


Budesonide; if your stomach or abdominal pain comes with difficulty in breathing then you should not look any further than budesonide. It is usually shows in people whose stomach/abdominal pain may be caused by inflammation of the bowel.


Metronidazole; this is an anti-bacterial drug that helps to deal with problems arising from bacterial infections. Therefore, if the cause of your stomach or abdominal pain is infection from some sort of bacteria then this is one of the best medications to go in for.


Norfloxacin; after looking at through the causes of stomach/abdominal pain, we realized that infections in the urinary tract was one of those causes. This drug will surely help you take away the pain since it is always prescribed for any urinary tract infections. Nitrofurantoin is also another anti-biotic drug that will help in cases of urinary tract infections.


Pantoprazole; too much acid in the stomach can cause very many problems such as ulcers and this drug helps to reduce on the amount of acid in the stomach. It is on that note always prescribed from stomach/abdominal pain caused pain caused by a gastro esophageal disease and ulcers.


Mesalamine; for swelling in the colon or large intestines, mesalamine is a very effective drug that is prescribed and found to deal with that problem, it is an anti-inflammatory agent which will work for mild to moderate situations.


Mebeverine; this is an antispasmodic agent that perfectly works for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and GI tract spasm one of the most serious causes of stomach/abdominal pain.


Doxycycline; this is very good antibiotic that can help you deal with different causes of stomach pain and is suggested for people suffering from respiratory tract infections, pneumonia, infections of the skin, urinary tract system. This will surely not help to heal the stomach or abdominal pain without causing you any serious effects.


See the doctor immediately; Instead of self medicating, it is better to visit the doctor because there are some drugs that may instead make your pain worse. Some drugs may not even be available without a prescription. Drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen plus some other anti-inflammatory medicines may not advisable to take unless the doctor has examined you well and found that these drugs will not cause any further damage to you thus its important to see the Doctor right away.


In conclusion, most cases of abdominal or stomach pain may not indicate a huge problem that is alarming but this does not mean that you should ignore it. Sometimes it may not come with very serious symptoms but it may actually be caused by something very serious that may even bring about death. In other cases abdominal pain may even be caused by something out of the abdomen that simply manifests in form of abdominal pain therefore it is always wise to see your doctor as soon as you start experiencing the pain.



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